The Basics of the Board Game Known As Chess
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The Basics of the Board Game Known As Chess

Chess is known as the game of Kings. Beginners can find it difficult at times but it is simple and fun for all ages.

Chess is a board game developed in the medieval period in South Asia under the Mughal rule. The Board has 64 squares, an equal number of white and black ones. The game is turn based and can be played by two players against each other.

The player has to choose to play as black or white. In the second row of the board, 8 pawns are placed. At the centre of the row behind the pawns are the king and queen. The queen is placed on its color. On the third sqares from both the ends of the row, the bishops are placed, then the knights and after them come the Castles at the corners.The player playing as white traditionally moves first.

Both the sides set up in a similar fashion. As mentioned earlier, the front row is made up of pawns, the weakest units in the game. They can move 2 squares forward in their first turns. But, the rest of the turns have to be one move forward only. A pawn can take a piece of the opponent diagnol to it,but only one square. Interestingly, by the climax of the game, the pawns become more important because at any time of the game, if they make it to the opponent's end, a pawn can exchanged for any piece(generally the queen) on that square. The pawn itself only moves forward and never backwards.

Then there is the Rook or the Castle. It moves infinitely many squares vertically or horizontally in any direction. It captures a piece in the same way. Rooks are thought to be very powerful pieces, second only to the queen. The queen can move infinitely many squares vertically,horizontally and diagonally in any direction. The queen also captures the same way. A bishop only moves diagonally ifinite squares, but never horizontally or vertically, it also captures in the same fashion. Then there is the knight,its movement is the most complicated for new learners of the game. The knight moves two squares in any direction except diagnol and then take a turn to either its left or right. Thus it form an 'L' shape. It eats in the same way, taking the piece on the square it finally lands upon.

Finally, comes the King. It can move in any direction but only one square. It is thus limited in its range. But the King is the most important piece, the game is only won when the opponent's King is 'Check Mated'. A King is Checked when it can get attacked in the next turn by a piece, in other terms it is danger of being captured but in Chess, the King is never captured or taken like other piececes. It has to be 'Check Mated', this means that once the king is in check, the situation has to be such that in the next move the King has no way of avoiding a Check on any other square it can move on, at the same time not being able to remove the current check. That is when the Player is defeated, in a 'Check Mate'. Sometimes, a player might not be in a check in its present square but would be getting into a check in its movement to any to other square it can move to, then, it is a 'Stale Mate', which is considered a Draw.

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Comments (4)

Hi Drona. You did a good job on describing how to set p a chessboard, but the hardly qualifies as covering the basics of chess. You could do a wholes series of articles of this length on the basics of chess. one article might cover the way each man moves. Another might Cover some basic openings, and so forth. I'm looking forward t seing where you are going with this.

I do appreciate this, I do enjoy chess if my opponent is not "expert" at the game. But I usually have to cheat to remember how to set up the board. thanks.

very interesting. I have never really played chess

Hi everyone, thanks for your feedback on this article, thank you for that idea Jerry, even I felt that Chess is a lot more than the sheet of rules we get with the board.Hopefully this article is a better version of that at least, if i do find time in the future, I surely look forward to writing more articles on Chess basked on Tactics and moves.